Publicaciones

Incorporating Socio-Political Criteria into the Prioritization of Urban Pavement Network Maintenance

Investigadores

Alondra Chamorro

Journal

Transportation Research Part A

Institución

Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

Disciplina

Ingeniería Civil

afiliacion

  1. Pablo Godoy, Escuela de Ingeniería, Departamento de Ingeniería y Gestión de la Construcción, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Av. Vicuña Mackenna 4860, Edif. San Agustín Piso 3, Santiago, Chile
  2. Claudio Mourgues, Escuela de Ingeniería, Departamento de Ingeniería y Gestión de la Construcción, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Av. Vicuña Mackenna 4860, Edif. San Agustín Piso 3, Santiago, Chile
  3. Alondra Chamorro, Escuela de Ingeniería, Departamento de Ingeniería y Gestión de la Construcción, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Av. Vicuña Mackenna 4860, Edif. San Agustín Piso 3, Santiago, Chile. National Research Center for Integrated Natural Disaster Management, CONICYT/FONDAP/15110017, Av. Vicuña Mackenna 4860, Edif. San Agustín Piso 3, Santiago, Chile

Abstract

Managing urban pavement networks presents additional challenges when compared to the management of interurban pavements. In particular, the prioritization of maintenance activities – which is critical when resources are limited – requires special considerations. Within these considerations, there are socio-political criteria that are not formally considered in current UPMS (Urban Pavement Management Systems). In practice, decision makers consider these socio-political factors but without a formal procedure and proper information, leading to decisions based on subjective information, which lack traceability and reliability.

The objective of this study is the identification and formal definition – including the quantification method – of socio-political criteria relevant for the sustainable management of urban pavement networks. The research method included the application of interviews and a survey of experts and practitioners in various agencies involved in the pavement maintenance decision-making process in Chile. As a result of the study, five primary socio-political criteria were identified: neighbors’ perception, proximity to critical infrastructure, benefited population, presence of alternative routes, and strategic selection based on public policy. These criteria were formalized – including how they should be quantified – through an expert panel. A regression analysis applied to various scenarios considered in the survey resulted in the quantification of the relative importance of the formalized socio-political factors to be considered in the decision process, complementing technical and economic criteria. Future research will explore the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to quantify the recommended socio-political factors and implement them in an UPMS.

Keywords

Criteria, Maintenance, Socio, Political, Pavement

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